Confucius, Pinyin romanization Kongfuzi or Kongzi, Wade-Giles K’ung-fu-tzu or K’ung-tzu, original name Kongqiu, literary name Zhongni, (born , Qufu, state of Lu [now in Shandong province, China]—died bce, Lu), China’s most famous teacher, philosopher, and political theorist, whose ideas have profoundly influenced the civilizations of China and other East Asian countries. Confucius (/ k ən ˈ f j uː ʃ ə s / kən-FEW-shəs; Chinese: 孔夫子; pinyin: Kǒng Fūzǐ, "Master Kǒng"; – BCE) was a Chinese philosopher and politician of the Spring and Autumn period who was traditionally considered the paragon of Chinese sages.. The philosophy of Confucius, also known as Confucianism, emphasized personal and governmental morality, correctness of Born: Kǒng Qiū, 孔丘, BC, Zou, State of .
Records of the Historian, written by Ssu-ma Chi’en (born B.C.; died 86 B.C.) offers the most detailed account of Confucius’ life. However, some contemporary historians are skeptical as to.